Latest Skincare Trends to Look Out For in 2017

Skincare is a field where things change every day. As more and more people are looking for safer, more effective solutions for their skin problems, skincare companies are competing with each other to come up with increasingly innovative products that offer better, faster results.

Let us now take a look at the latest trends that you need to look out for in 2017.

Sheet Masks

Now, sheet masks are not exactly a new trend, as they have been in vogue for quite some time now. Industry observers, however, are of the opinion that the trend of sheet masks will continue well into 2017. They also believe that the quality of these products will be much better than what we have seen so far. For instance, sheet masks made of pure cotton or bio-cellulose with completely natural ingredients are very popular right now than those made of paper or fabric.

The reason behind the sheet mask’s popularity is that it has made skin care much easier. You can just put it on your face, leave it for 20 minutes, and rip it off. It is all you need to do to hydrate and nourish your skin.

Hyaluronic Acid

This is yet another trend, which is already popular, that will continue to become even more popular this year. Hyaluronic acid is known for its ability to hydrate the skin and protect the skin against oxidation and free radical damage. It is now considered a must-have ingredient in moisturizers and anti-aging products.

Superfood Based Products

Superfoods are incredibly popular with health-conscious people and skincare companies have decided to take it to the next step by adding them in their products. So, skincare products that contain superfood ingredients like goji berry, acai berry, moringa, spirulina, flaxseed, quinoa, and kale are likely to become the rage in 2017.

Dry Body Brushing

Exfoliating the skin with a dry brush is an age-old skin care technique in Asia. It removes dead cells, boosts circulation, and reduces cellulite, as a result of which your skin feels younger and fresher. Beauticians and skincare experts believe that the practice will become popular in the US and Europe as well.

Transformative Texture Skincare Products

Products that change texture when applied on the skin are the rage now. These products literally transform while you apply – from gel to water, from balm to oil, from semi-solid to liquid, and so on. Like most beauty trends, this one too started in Asia and is becoming wildly popular in other parts of the world too.

Probiotics

Dermatologists firmly believe that 2017 will be the year the world fully realizes just how important a role probiotics play in skin care. Probiotics are bacteria that are highly beneficial to your health. They improve your digestive health, strengthen your immune system, and keep inflammation in check. As most skin problems are a result of unchecked inflammation, a regular intake of probiotics can improve your skin health considerably.

Foods that are rich in probiotics – like miso soup, yogurt, and sauerkraut – are already popular with health-conscious people, but what is likely to get mainstream attention in 2017 are skin care products with probiotic ingredients.

The Importance of a Good Dermatologist

One thing with new skincare trends is that you need to know if they are actually good for your skin or not before you start following them. This is where a dermatologist comes into the picture. Before using any new skincare product or DIY home remedy, it is a good idea to consult a qualified dermatologist to know if it is actually safe.

                                        If you are living in Chandigarh Tricity area or in any of the nearby cities, you can consult Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, who runs Athena Skin & Laser Clinic in Chandigarh. Dr. Sidhu is one of the most successful and celebrated cosmetic surgeons in the country today and has years of experience treating people with a variety of skin and hair problems. Whether you are looking for a solution to a specific skin problem or need to know how to take better care of your skin in general, Dr. Sidhu has all the answers you need. So, visit Athena Skin Clinic today and take the first step towards better skin care.

Treatment for Surgical and Traumatic Scars

What are Surgical and Traumatic Scars?

They are scars that are formed as a result of a major surgery or accidents like cuts and burns. When you undergo a surgery, which involves a lot of sutures and staples, you are likely to have a scar in the region. Similarly, large cuts and burns and compound fractures can also result in prominent scars in the affected area.

Traumatic scars are formed in the same manner as acne scars or any other type of scars for that matter. Your skin produces collagen fibers as part of the natural wound healing process. The way the collagen tissues are aligned, however, is different from the way normal skin tissues are aligned. Also, in most cases, the amount of collagen produced by your skin is either too little or too much, which results in the formation of atrophic and hypertrophic scars.

Traumatic Scars

Is it Possible to Remove Surgical and Traumatic Scars?

Yes, it is possible to reduce and remove surgical and traumatic scars to a great extent. While natural remedies and topical applications are not effective in such cases, cosmetic procedures like dermabrasion, chemical peeling, and laser treatment are known to deliver results.

Dermabrasion is a process in which the upper layer of the skin is scrapped away, allowing new skin tissues to form and replace the affected area. Chemical peeling is a similar process in which a chemical solution is used to peel away the upper layer of the skin. These procedures are generally recommended to treat scars on the face.

To treat scars that cover a large area, in other parts of the body, laser treatment is considered the best choice.

How Does Laser Scar Removal Treatment Work?

In this process, targeted laser beams are used to break down the tissues in the scarred region. The laser penetrates your skin, remodels the collagen fibers concentrated in the scarred area, and also triggers the production of new collagen fibers. As a result, the scars diminish greatly and your skin tone and texture improves considerably.

Surgical and traumatic scars often require a number of laser treatments, as the scars cannot be removed at the very first attempt. The duration of each session and the number of sessions usually depends on the type and extent of scars you have and your skin type.

Choosing a Dermatologist for Laser Treatment

The first thing you need to do is consult a good dermatologist. If you live in the Tri-city area of Chandigarh, Mohali, and Panchkula, you have an excellent skin care specialist in the form of Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu. Specializing in a wide variety of anti-aging, scar removal, and other cosmetic procedures, Dr. Sidhu is one of the leading experts who have been at the forefront of dermatological innovation in the country.

Dr. Sidhu is the founder of Athena Skin & Laser Clinic, which is the leading skin care clinic in Chandigarh today. Such is her expertise in dermatology that even people from other parts of the country and from many countries from around the world visit the clinic to get treated for various skin and hair problems.

If you are looking to get rid of surgical and traumatic scars on your body, get in touch with Dr. Sidhu today and take the first step towards removing those unsightly scars and improving your appearance.

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Laser Stretch Mark Removal Treatment in Chandigarh

Stretch marks are something that people do not like having on their body. They are unsightly and can be a confidence-killer. In fact, stretch marks are one of the reasons why many people are hesitant to take off their clothes even when they are in a public pool or a beach.

What causes these marks and how do you get rid of them? Let us take a look.

What Causes Stretch Marks?

Stretch marks are formed when your skin is stretched way beyond it should be, as a result of which the connective fibers in your skin break. It disrupts the production of collagen fibers, which are responsible for keeping your skin firm and young. This results in dermal and epidermal tears, which manifest as stretch marks on your skin.

Stretch marks are common in both men and women. The most common causes include rapid weight gain or loss, pregnancy, obesity, puberty, and prolonged application of topical corticosteroids. There is a genetic component involved as well, so if you have a family history of stretch marks, you are more likely to develop stretch marks than others.
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How to Treat Stretch Marks?

A number of home remedies and topical creams are used to treat stretch marks, but they are not nearly as effective as many people think, particularly when it comes to treating large, well developed stretch marks. In such cases, laser treatments are generally considered the best option by experts.

Fractional CO2 Laser Treatment for Stretch Mark Removal

The treatment uses micro laser beams to break down the skin tissues in and around the stretch marks. In response, your skin repairs itself by forming new collagen fibers and epithelial cells. In other words, the treatment uses lasers to cause small, precise wounds over the stretch marks, which are healed by your body’s natural defense mechanism. Once the wounds heal completely, the older skin in the affected area is replaced with newer, younger skin. As a result, the stretch marks disappear or fade away completely.

How Long Does It Take to Remove Stretch Marks?

It usually takes five to six treatments to remove stretch marks completely. However, the duration of each treatment and the number of treatments required depend on your skin type, complexion, and the severity of your stretch marks, among other factors. Only a dermatologist can tell you exactly how many treatments you need to undergo.

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What is the Recovery Time Associated with Laser Stretch Mark Removal?

In most cases, CO2 laser treatment does not have any side effects. The treated area tends to be red and tender for a while, but you can heal from the treatment completely in a few days. The recovery time might be longer in cases where the stretch marks are deep and require extensive treatment.

What is Stretch Marks Removal Laser Cost?

Costs vary by case to case as each patient requires different depth and length of treatment. Please contact Athena Skin & Laser to consult the doctor and get an accurate estimate. Laser treatment for stretch marks cost can be given after examining the affected area.

Choosing the Right Dermatologist for Stretch Mark Laser Removal

One of the best skin care clinics in the country that is known for CO2 laser treatments is Athena Skin & Laser Clinic in Chandigarh. Founded by Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, who specializes in a wide range of anti-aging, laser, and cosmetic procedures, the clinic attracts a large number of visitors not just from the Chandigarh, Mohali, and Panchkula area, but from abroad as well. So, if you are looking to get rid of your stretch marks safely, Dr. Sidhu is the person you should contact right away!

 

An Introductory Guide to CO2 Laser Treatment for Acne Scars

It is common for people – both men and women – to suffer from acne related problems in their teenage years. While these problems decline significantly over time, they usually leave a mark on your face in the form of acne scars. Depending on the severity of the scarring, it can affect your looks and dent your confidence greatly. What causes acne scars and how do you deal with them? Let us find out.

What Causes Acne Scars?

When your skin pores get clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells, it can result in bacterial growth in the region. This could happen if you have acne-prone skin due to genetic reasons, if you do not cleanse your face regularly, or if you lead a stressful lifestyle, among other reasons.

When the bacteria multiply rapidly, the clogged pores tend to swell up and form acne lesions. When these lesions swell up too much, it results in a rupture in the follicle wall. The infected material within the lesions, which is usually white in color due to the presence of white blood cells, spills out. This is what happens when you pop a zit or if it ruptures on its own.

To repair the damage done to the outer layer due to the rupture, your skin produces collagen fibers. If your skin produces too little collagen, you are likely to have atrophic or pitted scars. If it produces too much collagen, you are likely to have hypertrophic or raised scars.

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How to Treat Acne Scars?

Minor acne scars and the redness and brown spots that develop as a result of inflammation tend to fade away over time. Deep scars, however, change your skin’s texture permanently and do not fade away. They also tend to become more noticeable as you age, since your skin gradually loses its capacity to produce new collagen fibers to keep your skin young and elastic.

The good news, however, is that there are cosmetic procedures available to treat acne scars successfully. One of the safest and most effective procedures is the CO2 laser resurfacing treatment.

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How Does Laser Scar Removal Treatment Work?

The treatment uses laser beams to break down the skin tissues in the scarred region. The beams penetrate deep into your skin and destroy the molecular bonds of the skin cells in and around the scars. The overactive oil glands beneath the skin surface, which cause acne, are also destroyed in the process. The heat produced by the laser beams leads your skin to repair itself by producing more collagen fibers and replace the damaged skin tissues with new, healthy skin tissues. Once the healing process is over, the scars diminish greatly and the affected area looks smoother, healthier, and more even in texture.

What Does the Procedure Involve?

Prior to the treatment, the scarred regions on your face are marked out. Your face is then numbed with the help of local anesthesia. The treatment usually lasts 30 to 45 minutes. Once it is over, topical medications or ointments are applied and your face is wrapped in bandages. It is a good idea to bring someone with you, as you may need someone to take you home after the procedure.

Generally, four to six treatments are required for acne scar removal, but the number of laser treatments required differs from person to person, depending on the severity of the scars, your skin condition, and a number of other factors. Only a dermatologist can tell you exactly how many treatments you require and expected outcome of the same.

The recovery time for CO2 laser treatment can be anywhere from five to seven days. Again, it may differ from one person to another, depending on skin type, depth and extent of the scars, and other factors.

Choosing the Right Dermatologist

The success of a CO2 laser treatment greatly depends on the competence and experience of the dermatologist who performs it. So, it is very important to choose one who is qualified and experienced enough to perform the treatment safely and deliver the results.

One of the leading dermatologists in India today is Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, who is the founder of Athena Skin & Laser Clinic in Chandigarh. Dr. Sidhu specializes in laser treatments and has treated a large number of local and international patients over the years successfully. The clinic has all the latest equipment and technologies and the support staff is qualified and courteous enough to handle patients from all walks of life. So, if you are looking for a dermatologist in Chandigarh who can offer a permanent solution to your acne scar problems, Dr. Sidhu is your best choice.

The Effects of Toxins on Your Skin and What You Can Do to Counter It

The skin is our body’s first layer of defense. It prevents harmful microorganisms from entering our body and protects us from infections and a number of other ailments. The fast-paced, urban lifestyle many of us lead today, however, takes a toll on our skin health. From the pollutants in the air we breathe to the toxic additives in the food we eat, there are a number of things that can have a detrimental effect on our skin.

In this article, we take a look at the effects of toxins on the skin and discuss how you can reverse the same and take care of your skin.

Effects of Environmental Pollution on Your Skin

It is, without a doubt, one of the primary causes of premature aging among majority of the population. Constant exposure to exhaust fumes, smoke, and dust can flare up inflammation, which affects collagen production in your skin. As a result, your skin becomes loose and starts developing fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots. The particulate matter present in exhaust fumes can also worsen skin problems like eczema and hives.

Alarming levels of pollution has resulted in a depleted ozone layer, which means you are constantly exposed to ultraviolet radiation, which in turn can accelerate the process of inflammation and hyperpigmentation.

Research also shows that exposure to smog and industrial gases can deplete vitamin E, which is an antioxidant that can protect your skin from harmful free radicals. As a result, your skin succumbs to the harmful effects of inflammation and free radical damage, which leads to premature aging.
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Toxins in Food and Their Effect on Your Skin

The food that we eat today, particularly processed food, contains a wide range of additives like emulsifiers, colors, flavor enhancers, firming agents, and preservatives, among others. While these additives enhance the shelf life of processed food, they can lead to a number of skin problems and make your skin age faster as well.

How to Protect Your Skin from Pollutants?

As bad as environmental pollution is, there are still things you can do to protect your skin from its negative effects. Simple things like cleaning your face regularly with a mild cleanser and avoiding cosmetics with artificial ingredients can go a long way in avoiding skin problems. Also, it is important avoid processed food and eat a well balanced diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, and oily fish. Regular exercise can also help you sweat out the toxins in your body and improve your skin health.

Cosmetic Treatments for Aging

There are a number of cosmetic procedures available to treat skin problems like acne and wrinkles and reverse the effects of premature aging. From simple procedure like derma fillers and dermabrasion to highly sophisticated procedures like fractional CO2 laser treatment to remove acne scars and stretch marks, there are a number of options available for you to treat your skin problems and improve your skin health.

It is equally important to choose a skin clinic that can treat your skin problems in a safe and effective manner. Athena Skin & Laser Clinic is located in the Tri-city region of Chandigarh, Mohali, and Panchkula. With the highly qualified and experienced Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu as the Chief Dermatologist, you can rest assured that you will get the best possible treatment for all your skin problems.  Dr. Sidhu is among region’s Chandigarh top hair and skin specialists and a qualified (M.D) dermatologist.

All You Need to Know about Treating Acne

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Acne is a skin problem that affects a large number of men and women all over the world. It is particularly common in teenagers, as a result of the increase in hormonal levels due to puberty.

Acne can manifest in a variety of ways including whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. While it is not a serious health problem, acne can make you feel overly conscious about your appearance and lower your self esteem.

The good news is that it is entirely possible to prevent, minimize, and treat acne. Given below is a list of tips that can help you reduce acne breakouts.

  • Keep your face clean. Excessive buildup of oil and dead skin cells can worsen your skin condition. So, wash your face thoroughly with a mild facial cleanser and dry it with a clean towel.
  • Do not touch your face. Your fingers come into contact with bacteria whenever you type on your computer, tie your shoelaces, or shake hands with people. When you touch your face, the bacteria can easily spread and lead to more acne breakouts.
  • Your diet also plays a role in your skin health. Avoid high-glycemic foods like cereals, white rice, white bread, pastries, and chips, which are known to raise your blood sugar levels and lead to hormonal fluctuations and inflammation. Add plenty of fruits, vegetables, fish and probiotic foods like yogurt and miso soup to your diet.
  • Exercise regularly. 30 to 45 minutes of strenuous physical activity on a daily basis can help you avoid stress, which is known to trigger hormonal fluctuations and lead to acne outbreaks. By working out regularly, you can keep your stress levels in check and improve your skin health.

You can minimize and prevent acne outbreaks by following these tips. The scars caused by past outbreaks, however, may still persist and dent your confidence badly. There are, however, a number of cosmetic procedures available to treat acne scars.

Cosmetic Treatments for Acne Scars

Medi-Facial – In this procedure, a chemical solution is applied to the face, as a result of which the outer, damaged layer of the skin is dissolved and a new, fresh layer of skin is formed.

Microneedling – In this procedure, tiny needles known as dermarollers are used to poke microscopic holes in the face, which prompts the skin to produce more collagen. As a result, you are left with younger looking skin without lines and deep scars.

Laser Treatment – In this procedure, targeted laser beams are used to destroy the oil glands that cause acne.

As you can see, there are plenty of options available to treat acne. It is, however, important to remember that no two individuals are alike when it comes to skin problems. The extent and severity of your acne could depend on a variety of factors, including any other health problem that you already may have. So, it is a good idea to consult a qualified dermatologist to determine the best course of action.

One of the best dermatologists in Chandigarh is Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, who offers a wide range of skin and hair care services. The founder of Athena Skin & Laser clinic, Dr. Sidhu is a leading name in the industry today and is considered one of the foremost authorities in the field of dermatology by many. You can get in touch with her to know more about the treatment and prevention of skin and hair problems.

Caring for Your Skin as You Grow Old – An Easy-to-Follow Skincare Guide for Older Women

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As you age, so does your skin. Women, in particular, age faster than men. So, as a woman, you need to take better care of your skin to look good for your age.

Tips for Healthy, Younger Looking Skin

  • Wear sunscreen regularly. Too much exposure to the sun, particularly as you grow old, can be harmful to your skin. For best results, choose a sunscreen that suits our skin type. If you have oily skin, choose a gel or water based sunscreen. If you have dry skin, choose a moisturizing sunscreen. If you have sensitive skin, it is good to choose a hypoallergenic, fragrance-free sunscreen.
  • Exfoliate your skin regularly. The outer layer of your skin accumulates dead cells and becomes thicker over time. As a result, even if you apply the best of face creams and lotions, your skin will find it difficult to absorb the nutrients. So, exfoliate your skin at least one or two times a week using a gentle facial scrub.
  • Use a moisturizer. It is one of the easiest ways to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. For best results, use an organic product, which is free of harsh chemicals and other harmful ingredients.
  • Do not fret about getting old. Constant worry can lead to stress, which can wreak havoc on your hormonal system and affect your skin health adversely. Meditate every day. Work out or do yoga at least three times a week. Remember – you are only as old as you feel. So, stay cheerful and happy.

Anti-Aging Treatments for Older Women

There are a number of anti-aging treatments available to help you get a younger, more attractive look. Your choices include

Botox – Botox shots relax your facial muscles and prevent the formation of fine lines and wrinkles.

Dermal Fillers – These are natural collagen wrinkle fillers that smoothen out the skin by erasing lines and wrinkles.

Microdermabrasion – This is a procedure in which the outer layer of the skin is scraped away, which results in the formation of new, younger looking skin with even skin tone.

Laser Skin Resurfacing – This method uses laser beams to destroy the molecular bonds of the damaged skin cells on your face. Once the damaged outer layer is gone, your skin rejuvenates itself by producing new skin cells.

Consulting a Dermatologist

Your skin health depends on a number of factors like skin type, genetics, diet, lifestyle, and your overall health, including any underlying health conditions. So, only a skincare expert can examine you thoroughly and tell you what needs to be done to improve your skin condition.

If you are looking for a qualified and experienced dermatologist in Chandigarh, you should get in touch with Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu. Dr. Sidhu is one of the leading dermatologists and surgeons in the country today. She has worked in the leading hospitals in the region as a consultant dermatologist and has participated and spoken at a number of international conferences.

She is the founder of Athena Skin & Laser, a full-service skin care clinic in Chandigarh. You can contact her to know how you can take good care of your skin and improve your appearance with the help of various cosmetic procedures.

Why Do Married Men Love Cosmetic Procedures and What Are the Choices Available for Them?

One of the most pervasive myths in the skincare industry is that cosmetic procedures and beautification treatments are only meant for women. It is thought that women care more about the way they look and opt for plastic surgery to look good even after marriage. It is no longer the case. Today, men are just as interested as women in looking good and youthful, particularly after marriage.

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Receding hairline and protruding belly used to be the hallmarks of a married man. It is not the case anymore, as more and more men are opting for treatments like fat reduction, acne scar reduction, and hair transplant to look just as good as their wives. In many cases, they are encouraged by their wives get it done. In some cases, both the husband and wife decide to opt for cosmetic surgery to improve their looks.

If you are a married man, you have plenty of options in terms of cosmetic procedures. From a simple skin whitening procedure to a meticulous hair transplant, there are a number of choices available for you to improve your appearance.

Let us now take a look at some of these procedures.

Skin Whitening – It is a procedure which allows you to even your skin tone and brighten your complexion with the help of topical applications that contain various substances like vitamin C, hydroquinone, arbutin, and kojic acid.

Dermabrasion – It is a procedure in which the outer layer of your skin is scraped away to make acne scars and other blemishes look less visible.

Dermal Fillers – These are substances that can be injected into your skin to get rid of lines and wrinkles and make you look younger.

Botox – Quite possibly the most popular cosmetic procedure all over the world, Botox can reduce lines and wrinkles and make you look younger. Botox shots relax your facial muscles and prevent them from contracting too much, which prevents the formation of fine lines and wrinkles

CO2 Laser Treatment – It is a highly effective treatment to remove stretch marks. It uses micro laser beams to break down the tissues along the stretch marks, as a result of which your body creates new, healthy tissues. Once the healing process is over, the stretch marks fade away and the skin looks noticeably younger and firmer.

Laser Acne Scar Removal – It is a process which uses targeted laser beams to reduce and remove acne scars. The laser beams destroy the sebaceous glands which cause acne, as a result of which the acne scars fade away over time.

Fat Reduction – There are two methods available for fat reduction – laser fat reduction and mesotherapy or lipodissolve. In laser fat reduction, laser beams are used to puncture holes in your fat cells. The disintegrated fat is then flushed out by the lymphatic system. In lipodissolve, a combination of medications, natural extracts, and vitamins is injected into various parts of your body like waist, buttocks, and thighs. The medicinal combination melts the fat tissues, which are eliminated from your body through feces. Both these procedures are non-invasive and serve as safer, less painful alternatives to liposuction.

Mustache and Beard Transplant – In this procedure, hair follicles are taken from the back of the scalp and grafted on your upper lip area, cheeks, and chin. Once the hair starts growing, the bald spots in your mustache and beard are covered and you can have a nice, full mustache and beard.

Hair Transplant – It is done using a method called FUE (follicular unit extraction), wherein hair follicles are removed from the donor site (back of the head, chest, arms, or legs) and grafted in the bald spot. It is a lot more effective and less painful than FUT (follicular unit transplantation), where a strip of skin with hair is scrapped off from the donor site, dissected into follicular units, and transplanted into the bald spot. Unlike FUT, FUE does not involve incision or stitches and the recovery time is also considerably lesser.

As you can see, there are a wide range of cosmetic procedures available for married men who are looking to improve their physical appearance. These procedures can correct imperfections in the skin and scalp and make you look younger and more attractive. It is, however, extremely important to get these procedures done under the guidance of an experienced dermatologist.

One of the highest qualified and most experienced dermatologists in the country today is Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu. The founder of Athena, a full-service skin and hair care clinic, Dr. Sidhu specializes in a variety of cosmetic, laser, and dermatological procedures. With many years of experience and expertise, Dr. Sidhu is your best choice for hair and  skin care treatments.

 

Get a Fair Skin Tone: Real Science behind Skin Whitening — No Gimmicks, No False Promises

For ages humans with darker skin tone have aspired to have a lighter skin tone. Also, society norms are such that individuals with lighter skin tone (Europeans descent) are considered more presentable as compared to dark skin tone individuals. This has led to a general perception in society that having a fair skin tone leads to better relations, better job prospects and general success in society. Even though Athena Skin & Laser Clinic doesn’t endorse this view, we are the leading clinic in helping people achieve their desired lighter skin tone through Skin Whitening. The article below describes the benefits of Glutathione: an emerging antioxidant which has shown great success in protecting the skin from UV radiation and other environmental factors and internal stressors. Glutathione inhibits melanin production: the primary reason of dark skin tone.

Generation of reactive free radicals in skin increases oxidative stress and leads to oxidative damage. This complex biochemical mechanism results in signs of aging and deterioration of physiological functions. Production of antioxidants via natural mechanism helps in combating the effect of reactive free radicals. However, due to stress, dietary insufficiency, UV radiations it is not enough to counter oxidative stress, hence the need for an external antioxidant.

Antioxidants apart from quenching free radicals also work as skin lightening agents and give radiant and beautiful skin.

Free radicals and its effect on skin

Oxidative stress is mediated by the formation of free radicals which as generated from the oxidation of chemical groups like carboxyl. Hydroxyl, amino, etc. The leads to the formation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) which thereby captures electrons from other molecules and increase oxidative stress. Free radicals are derived either from normal metabolic processes in human body or from external factors such as: smoking, alcohol consumption, sunlight, air pollution, etc. ROS attacks and reacts with stable skin molecules leading to cross linking of collages and elastin. They lessen ability of the skin to repair the damage and also increase melanin index value thereby darkening the skin complexion.

Glutathione, a Master Antioxidant to enhance Skin Tone

  • Glutathione is a tri-peptide or a small protein molecule formed from three amino acids: cysteine, glycine, glutamic acid. The unique topical application of glutathione, maintains the glutathione levels and protects the skin from free radicals and aging. This helps achieve the lighter skin tone or skin whitening.
  • Glutathione acts to reconstitute the antioxidant vitamins C and E after they have been oxidized, and plays a determinant role in their function.
  • It prevents damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals, peroxides, lipid peroxides and heavy metals.

Glutathioneantioxidant property also protects the skin from UV radiation and other environmental stresses as well as internal stressors that generate free radicals that cause skin damage and hyper-pigmentation. Glutathione is naturally present in several tissues of human body with different functions. In skin its action is for skin whitening and antioxidant action.