An Introductory Guide to CO2 Laser Treatment for Acne Scars

It is common for people – both men and women – to suffer from acne related problems in their teenage years. While these problems decline significantly over time, they usually leave a mark on your face in the form of acne scars. Depending on the severity of the scarring, it can affect your looks and dent your confidence greatly. What causes acne scars and how do you deal with them? Let us find out.

What Causes Acne Scars?

When your skin pores get clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells, it can result in bacterial growth in the region. This could happen if you have acne-prone skin due to genetic reasons, if you do not cleanse your face regularly, or if you lead a stressful lifestyle, among other reasons.

When the bacteria multiply rapidly, the clogged pores tend to swell up and form acne lesions. When these lesions swell up too much, it results in a rupture in the follicle wall. The infected material within the lesions, which is usually white in color due to the presence of white blood cells, spills out. This is what happens when you pop a zit or if it ruptures on its own.

To repair the damage done to the outer layer due to the rupture, your skin produces collagen fibers. If your skin produces too little collagen, you are likely to have atrophic or pitted scars. If it produces too much collagen, you are likely to have hypertrophic or raised scars.

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How to Treat Acne Scars?

Minor acne scars and the redness and brown spots that develop as a result of inflammation tend to fade away over time. Deep scars, however, change your skin’s texture permanently and do not fade away. They also tend to become more noticeable as you age, since your skin gradually loses its capacity to produce new collagen fibers to keep your skin young and elastic.

The good news, however, is that there are cosmetic procedures available to treat acne scars successfully. One of the safest and most effective procedures is the CO2 laser resurfacing treatment.

CO2 LASER TREATMENT
                      BEFORE                                                 AFTER
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How Does Laser Scar Removal Treatment Work?

The treatment uses laser beams to break down the skin tissues in the scarred region. The beams penetrate deep into your skin and destroy the molecular bonds of the skin cells in and around the scars. The overactive oil glands beneath the skin surface, which cause acne, are also destroyed in the process. The heat produced by the laser beams leads your skin to repair itself by producing more collagen fibers and replace the damaged skin tissues with new, healthy skin tissues. Once the healing process is over, the scars diminish greatly and the affected area looks smoother, healthier, and more even in texture.

What Does the Procedure Involve?

Prior to the treatment, the scarred regions on your face are marked out. Your face is then numbed with the help of local anesthesia. The treatment usually lasts 30 to 45 minutes. Once it is over, topical medications or ointments are applied and your face is wrapped in bandages. It is a good idea to bring someone with you, as you may need someone to take you home after the procedure.

Generally, four to six treatments are required for acne scar removal, but the number of laser treatments required differs from person to person, depending on the severity of the scars, your skin condition, and a number of other factors. Only a dermatologist can tell you exactly how many treatments you require and expected outcome of the same.

The recovery time for CO2 laser treatment can be anywhere from five to seven days. Again, it may differ from one person to another, depending on skin type, depth and extent of the scars, and other factors.

Choosing the Right Dermatologist

The success of a CO2 laser treatment greatly depends on the competence and experience of the dermatologist who performs it. So, it is very important to choose one who is qualified and experienced enough to perform the treatment safely and deliver the results.

One of the leading dermatologists in India today is Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, who is the founder of Athena Skin & Laser Clinic in Chandigarh. Dr. Sidhu specializes in laser treatments and has treated a large number of local and international patients over the years successfully. The clinic has all the latest equipment and technologies and the support staff is qualified and courteous enough to handle patients from all walks of life. So, if you are looking for a dermatologist in Chandigarh who can offer a permanent solution to your acne scar problems, Dr. Sidhu is your best choice.

All You Need to Know about Treating Acne

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Acne is a skin problem that affects a large number of men and women all over the world. It is particularly common in teenagers, as a result of the increase in hormonal levels due to puberty.

Acne can manifest in a variety of ways including whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. While it is not a serious health problem, acne can make you feel overly conscious about your appearance and lower your self esteem.

The good news is that it is entirely possible to prevent, minimize, and treat acne. Given below is a list of tips that can help you reduce acne breakouts.

  • Keep your face clean. Excessive buildup of oil and dead skin cells can worsen your skin condition. So, wash your face thoroughly with a mild facial cleanser and dry it with a clean towel.
  • Do not touch your face. Your fingers come into contact with bacteria whenever you type on your computer, tie your shoelaces, or shake hands with people. When you touch your face, the bacteria can easily spread and lead to more acne breakouts.
  • Your diet also plays a role in your skin health. Avoid high-glycemic foods like cereals, white rice, white bread, pastries, and chips, which are known to raise your blood sugar levels and lead to hormonal fluctuations and inflammation. Add plenty of fruits, vegetables, fish and probiotic foods like yogurt and miso soup to your diet.
  • Exercise regularly. 30 to 45 minutes of strenuous physical activity on a daily basis can help you avoid stress, which is known to trigger hormonal fluctuations and lead to acne outbreaks. By working out regularly, you can keep your stress levels in check and improve your skin health.

You can minimize and prevent acne outbreaks by following these tips. The scars caused by past outbreaks, however, may still persist and dent your confidence badly. There are, however, a number of cosmetic procedures available to treat acne scars.

Cosmetic Treatments for Acne Scars

Medi-Facial – In this procedure, a chemical solution is applied to the face, as a result of which the outer, damaged layer of the skin is dissolved and a new, fresh layer of skin is formed.

Microneedling – In this procedure, tiny needles known as dermarollers are used to poke microscopic holes in the face, which prompts the skin to produce more collagen. As a result, you are left with younger looking skin without lines and deep scars.

Laser Treatment – In this procedure, targeted laser beams are used to destroy the oil glands that cause acne.

As you can see, there are plenty of options available to treat acne. It is, however, important to remember that no two individuals are alike when it comes to skin problems. The extent and severity of your acne could depend on a variety of factors, including any other health problem that you already may have. So, it is a good idea to consult a qualified dermatologist to determine the best course of action.

One of the best dermatologists in Chandigarh is Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu, who offers a wide range of skin and hair care services. The founder of Athena Skin & Laser clinic, Dr. Sidhu is a leading name in the industry today and is considered one of the foremost authorities in the field of dermatology by many. You can get in touch with her to know more about the treatment and prevention of skin and hair problems.

Caring for Your Skin as You Grow Old – An Easy-to-Follow Skincare Guide for Older Women

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As you age, so does your skin. Women, in particular, age faster than men. So, as a woman, you need to take better care of your skin to look good for your age.

Tips for Healthy, Younger Looking Skin

  • Wear sunscreen regularly. Too much exposure to the sun, particularly as you grow old, can be harmful to your skin. For best results, choose a sunscreen that suits our skin type. If you have oily skin, choose a gel or water based sunscreen. If you have dry skin, choose a moisturizing sunscreen. If you have sensitive skin, it is good to choose a hypoallergenic, fragrance-free sunscreen.
  • Exfoliate your skin regularly. The outer layer of your skin accumulates dead cells and becomes thicker over time. As a result, even if you apply the best of face creams and lotions, your skin will find it difficult to absorb the nutrients. So, exfoliate your skin at least one or two times a week using a gentle facial scrub.
  • Use a moisturizer. It is one of the easiest ways to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. For best results, use an organic product, which is free of harsh chemicals and other harmful ingredients.
  • Do not fret about getting old. Constant worry can lead to stress, which can wreak havoc on your hormonal system and affect your skin health adversely. Meditate every day. Work out or do yoga at least three times a week. Remember – you are only as old as you feel. So, stay cheerful and happy.

Anti-Aging Treatments for Older Women

There are a number of anti-aging treatments available to help you get a younger, more attractive look. Your choices include

Botox – Botox shots relax your facial muscles and prevent the formation of fine lines and wrinkles.

Dermal Fillers – These are natural collagen wrinkle fillers that smoothen out the skin by erasing lines and wrinkles.

Microdermabrasion – This is a procedure in which the outer layer of the skin is scraped away, which results in the formation of new, younger looking skin with even skin tone.

Laser Skin Resurfacing – This method uses laser beams to destroy the molecular bonds of the damaged skin cells on your face. Once the damaged outer layer is gone, your skin rejuvenates itself by producing new skin cells.

Consulting a Dermatologist

Your skin health depends on a number of factors like skin type, genetics, diet, lifestyle, and your overall health, including any underlying health conditions. So, only a skincare expert can examine you thoroughly and tell you what needs to be done to improve your skin condition.

If you are looking for a qualified and experienced dermatologist in Chandigarh, you should get in touch with Dr. Harmandeep Sidhu. Dr. Sidhu is one of the leading dermatologists and surgeons in the country today. She has worked in the leading hospitals in the region as a consultant dermatologist and has participated and spoken at a number of international conferences.

She is the founder of Athena Skin & Laser, a full-service skin care clinic in Chandigarh. You can contact her to know how you can take good care of your skin and improve your appearance with the help of various cosmetic procedures.