Laser Treatments for Hyperpigmentation: Achieving Even Skin Tone

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin concern characterized by darkened areas on the skin caused by an excess production of melanin. This can be triggered by various factors, including sun exposure, inflammation, hormonal changes, and certain medications.

For many, achieving an even skin tone can be challenging. Fortunately, laser treatments offer a promising solution for reducing hyperpigmentation and restoring a balanced complexion.

In this blog post, we’ll delve into how laser treatments work, the types available, what to expect during the process, and tips for maintaining your results.

Understanding Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation manifests in several forms, including:

  • Melasma: Often triggered by hormonal changes and sun exposure, appearing as brown or gray-brown patches.
  • Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): Dark spots that develop following an injury or inflammation, such as acne.
  • Sunspots (Solar Lentigines): Dark spots resulting from prolonged sun exposure.

How Laser Treatments Work

Laser treatments target hyperpigmentation by using focused light energy to break down the excess melanin in the skin. The body’s natural healing processes then remove the fragmented pigment, resulting in a more even skin tone.

Types of Laser Treatments for Hyperpigmentation

1.     Fractional CO2 Lasers:

    • How it works: Delivers thousands of tiny beams of light into the skin, targeting both the epidermis and dermis layers.
    • Benefits: Effective for deep pigmentation and resurfacing the skin for a smoother texture.
    • Recovery: Typically involves a few days of redness and swelling.

2.     Intense Pulsed Light (IPL):

    • How it works: Uses broad-spectrum light to target pigmentation without damaging surrounding skin.
    • Benefits: Suitable for treating superficial pigmentation and sunspots.
    • Recovery: Minimal downtime, with some redness and mild peeling.

3.     Nd: YAG Laser:

    • How it works: Penetrates deep into the skin to target deeper pigmentation issues.
    • Benefits: Effective for treating melasma and PIH, especially in darker skin tones.
    • Recovery: Mild swelling and redness, usually resolving within a few days.

4.     PicoSure Laser:

    • How it works: Uses ultra-short pulses of energy to shatter pigment particles.
    • Benefits: Faster results with fewer treatments, minimal discomfort.
    • Recovery: Typically mild with minimal downtime.

What to Expect During the Treatment

  • Consultation: Your dermatologist will assess your skin type and pigmentation to determine the best laser treatment.
  • Preparation: Avoid sun exposure and discontinue use of any skin-irritating products a few days before the procedure.
  • Procedure: Laser treatments are generally quick, lasting between 15 to 60 minutes depending on the area treated.
  • Pain Management: Most treatments involve minimal discomfort. A topical anesthetic may be applied to enhance comfort.
  • Post-Treatment Care: Follow your dermatologist’s instructions, which may include applying soothing creams, avoiding sun exposure, and using sunscreen.

Results and Maintenance

  • Initial Results: You may notice an immediate improvement, but optimal results typically appear after a few sessions.
  • Maintenance: Protect your skin from sun exposure by wearing sunscreen daily. Regular follow-up treatments may be recommended to maintain results.

Tips for Maximizing Your Results

  1. Consistent Sunscreen Use: Daily application of broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher to prevent further pigmentation.
  2. Gentle Skincare Routine: Use products that support skin healing and avoid harsh chemicals or exfoliants that can irritate the skin.
  3. Healthy Lifestyle Choices: A balanced diet and staying hydrated can improve overall skin health.


Laser treatments for hyperpigmentation offer a highly effective solution for achieving an even skin tone. By understanding the different types of lasers and what to expect, you can make informed decisions and achieve the best possible results.

Remember, consistency and proper skin care are key to maintaining your newfound complexion. Consult with a qualified dermatologist to determine the best treatment plan for your specific needs.

Whether you’re dealing with melasma, sunspots, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, laser treatments can provide significant improvements, boosting your confidence and helping you achieve the radiant, even skin tone you desire.

Chemical Peel Aftercare: Tips for a Smooth Recovery

A chemical peel can help in a massive skin transformation by addressing the skin’s acne scars, wrinkles, and pigmentation.

Despite the process’s theoretical effectiveness, you must ensure a good aftercare and maintenance routine to achieve all the intended benefits.

Normally, after the chemical peel, your skin might experience certain symptoms, including redness and swelling. That’s why you need comprehensive care tips to help your skin heal and achieve the best results.

In this article, we’ll share tips to maintain the post-peel care routine and the best way to navigate through the stages of recovery.

Understanding the Stages of Recovery

Chemical peel aftercare is highly dependent on the recovery stage you’re in. There are three main stages of recovery.

Immediate Post Peel Period:

This period extends from 1-7 days. In this period, you can expect to feel swelling and redness. Also, the skin might still peel off even after the treatment.

Peeling and healing Period:

This period extends from 7 to 14 days. You can also expect your skin to peel off in this phase. But generally, it starts settling. However, it may still be pink or flushed.

Recovery and Rejuvenation:

You encounter this stage from Weeks 2 to 6 after your chemical peel procedure. In this stage, you can start seeing the improvement in the texture and tone of the skin, along with the resolution of all the targeted issues.

Tips To Recovery

Now that you know about the different recovery stages, let’s discuss the tips to consider in each stage:

Immediate Post-Peel Period:

You’ll find some specific instructions from your dermatologist after the chemical peel. You must adhere to these instructions properly. These mainly include avoiding sun exposure, reducing physical activity, and refraining from using different skin care products.

Within this time frame, it is advised that exfoliating agents must not be used. However, you must use hydrating moisturizer multiple times daily to prevent dryness, which might lead to excessive peeling.

Just after the chemical peel, keeping away from the sun is important. You can wear a hat while outside in the sun and use SPF 30 sunscreen even when near the windows.

Peeling and Healing Period:

Naturally, your skin will continue to peel even in this phase, but make sure not to pick or peel your skin yourself; let the process continue naturally. Apply a gentle cleansing routine along with protection against the sunlight.

Moisturizing skin is essential during this period, too, as exposure to the sun at this stage can lead to hyperpigmentation and other complications.

In addition, exfoliants and retinoids must not be used in this recovery phase as they can be harsh on your skin.

Recovery and Rejuvenation

In this phase, it is better to consult your dermatologist regarding the inclusion of a regular skincare routine. Based on your healing progress, your dermatologist can guide you better about the right time.

Your skin specialist will likely prescribe you serums containing hyaluronic acid and antioxidants to support skin recovery.

You must include vitamin-rich foods as part of your diet and drink lots of water. Exposure to the sun should be avoided or kept minimal. The appointment with the dermatologist must be scheduled for a holistic skin review.

Long-Term Maintenance

Once your skin is fully healed, you can go in the sunlight, but take all the measures to protect your skin from direct exposure.

There can be some other complementary treatments that can improve the results of chemical peel; consult with your dermatologist regarding them to enjoy fresh and improved skin.

Summing up:

You cannot ignore the aftercare process of this cosmetic procedure, as it can ensure the generation of the best results.

With the help of your doctor, you can set up a daily skin care regimen for the skin after the procedure so you can get the full benefits of the treatment.

Athena Skin Clinic has the best dermatologist in town if you’re looking for a chemical peel specialist in Chandigarh. Visit now or book an appointment today!

The Science Behind Chemical Peels: How They Transform Your Skin

Is your skin prone to wrinkles, acne scars, or sun damage? Dermatologists now have a solution to all these problems – the chemical peels.

We are sure you have heard about this procedure already, but how exactly it works, and what’s the science behind it? These questions often put the potential patients of the treatment in confusion.

But you wouldn’t be confused if you understood the process behind it, right? So, here’s a detailed guide explaining what chemical peel is and how it can provide you with the desired results.

Let’s start our exploratory journey:

What is a Chemical Peel?

It is a cosmetic procedure that can help rejuvenate the skin and address multiple issues related to skin damage.

The skin care specialist applies a chemical solution to the skin. This chemical solution is specifically created to exfoliate and renew the skin. Here are a few benefits you can expect from the chemical peel solution:

Skin Exfoliation: With the chemical solution, the topmost dead layer of the skin is removed to get healthier and nourished skin from underneath.

Addressing Skin issues: Specific issues like fine lines and wrinkles, acne and scars, sun damage and age spots, uneven skin tone and texture, Hyperpigmentation and melisma, and rough or dull skin are addressed by using the chemical peel solution.

Improved Collagen Production: As the healing response is naturally triggered via applying the chemical solution to the skin, it produces Collagen and Elastin. Both these proteins are known for bringing youthfulness, firmness, and elasticity to the skin.

Better Skin Radiance: The chemical solution can result in a smoother skin texture; consequently, the skin appears brighter.

Chemical Peel Process:

There are three basic steps involved in the chemical peel process:

Application of Chemical Solution:

The first step in the chemical peel process is applying the solution. This solution is specially created based on the individual’s specific needs. A dermatologist determines the skin issues and the expected results from the patient from the process and then determines the right solution to be considered.

Here are the most common types of acids used in the chemical peel solution:

Common types of acids used in chemical peels include:

  • Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs): Such acids address mild skin concerns. These acids are often used for superficial peels. Examples include Glycolic Acid and Lactic Acid.
  • Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs): If the patients suffer from acne and oily skin, the dermatologist will most likely consider these acids in the chemical peel treatment. Such acids can easily penetrate the oil-filled pores; thus, they prove effective in the treatment.
  • Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA): These acids can address wrinkles, pigmentation issues, and acne scars. Often, they are used for conducting medium-depth peels.

Exfoliation of the Skin

The second step in the process is the exfoliation of the top layer of the skin. As soon as the chemical is applied to the skin, it breaks the bond that holds the dead skin with the healthy skin.

Once the bond weakens, the dead skin cells start shedding. This process can continue even after days of applying the chemical solution. The depth of the peel depends on the type and strength of the chemical peel. The stronger the acids used, the more the depth of peeling and dead skin shredding will be.

Below are the three common types of peel depths patients can choose from with the help of dermatologists:

Superficial Peels: These peels are for the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis.

Medium Peels: These peels penetrate deeper into the epidermis and may reach the upper layers of the dermis.

Deep Peels: With these peels, you can expect to reach the lower layer of the dermis. These peels are important for skin exfoliation and skin remodeling.

Stimulation of Collagen Production:

Once the outer layer of the skin is peeled, the body naturally initiates the healing process because of this healing process. Collagen and Elastin are produced. Here are the benefits of collagen and Elastin.


It is a structural protein that provides the skin strength and resilience. With collagen stimulation, fine lines and wrinkles are reduced, and you can experience more youthful skin.


It is another protein that helps your skin return to its original shape after stretching. Elasticity and firmness are the main traits that Elastin governs.

Exfoliation and collagen stimulation result in smoother, firmer, vibrant, and refreshed skin. Chemical peel offers transformative results for those seeking to improve their skin’s health and appearance.


The science behind the chemical peels is a combination of controlled exfoliation and collagen stimulation. The process works to remove the damaged skin and make it look healthier and younger.

While considering the chemical peel, it is important to consult a qualified dermatologist to determine the strength and type of the chemical peel.

It is a powerful cosmetic tool to achieve a refreshed and rejuvenated complexion when done right.

Skincare Routine in a Stressful Environment

In today’s world, stress isn’t unavoidable. Stress can take a toll on our physical and mental well-being, whether it’s caused by work, family, or personal issues.

The impact of stress on every individual is also different. It can show up on your skin or might create some physical repercussions.

In this article, we’ll explore the impact of stress on the skin and provide some tips on managing it.

Skin is the body’s largest organ

The skin is the largest organ in the body and acts as a protective barrier against external threats. However, stress can weaken the skin’s natural defenses, leaving it vulnerable to various problems.

Effects of Stress on Skin

One of the most common effects of stress on the skin is acne. Stress triggers the release of hormones such as cortisol, which can stimulate oil production in the skin. This can clog pores, leading to acne breakouts.

With stress, skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis can be exacerbated. These conditions cause inflammation, itching, and discomfort, and stress can make them worse.

Also, stress can weaken the immune system, leading to increased inflammation in the body, including the skin.

Another effect of stress on the skin is premature aging. Stress causes the body to produce free radicals, which are molecules that damage the skin’s collagen and elastin fibers. These fibers are responsible for keeping the skin firm and supple, but when they are damaged, the skin can become saggy and wrinkled.

How to protect your skin against stress?

Now that you know how harmful stress can be for your skin, you must learn how to protect your skin and keep it safe.

Identify the source of stress

The first step is to identify the source of your stress and take steps to reduce it. This could mean taking time off work, practicing relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga, or talking to a therapist.

Once you identify the source of stress and take active steps to reduce it, you’ll put your skin under less stress. It means you’ll require lesser skin care treatments and artificial measures to keep your skin healthy.

Eating a healthy, balanced diet:

A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can give your skin the nutrients it needs to stay healthy. Staying away from junk food can reduce the creation of toxins in the skin, which doesn’t only reflect in a healthy body but a healthy skin too.

Staying hydrated:

Drinking plenty of water can help keep your skin moisturized and prevent dryness. It is because hydration can help maintain the skin’s elasticity. You are less likely to get wrinkles and scars on the screen. Thus, you won’t need scar treatments and anti-aging treatments.

Using sunscreen:

The UV Rays emitted from the sun can be absorbed by your skin, causing skin burns, irritation, and even skin cancer. Sun damage can contribute to premature aging, so it’s essential to protect your skin with sunscreen.

Avoiding harsh skincare products:

Products containing harsh chemicals can irritate the skin, making it more susceptible to damage. Redness and itching are prominent symptoms that can further lead to long-term harm. Continuous usage might even require you to visit a skin specialist near you.

Getting enough sleep:

When you sleep, your skin makes collagen, which prevents sagging. With more collagen, you can expect your skin to undergo lesser wrinkles. However, lack of sleep can contribute to stress and affect the skin’s ability to repair itself.

Summing up

In conclusion, stress can significantly impact the skin, but there are steps you can take to manage it.

By identifying the source of your stress and taking steps to reduce it, along with adopting a healthy lifestyle and skincare routine, you can protect your skin from the damaging effects of stress.

Remember, taking care of your skin is not just about looking good; it’s about maintaining your overall health and well-being. If you think your skin is damaged already, you can get help from the professional doctors at Athena Skin Clinic. Book an appointment today!

Benefits of PRP Therapy for Anti-Aging

In the late thirties, the skin can start showing the visible effects of aging. Reducing collagen can cause reduced elasticity in the skin and the appearance of fine lines. Also weakening of facial muscles can add to the overall symptoms of aging.

Gone are the days when you had to live with all these issues. In this era, we have advanced technology and procedures which can actually help you maintain vibrant and younger-looking skin and reduce the impact of again.

PRP Therapy is the treatment that you’re actually looking for. What it is and how it can benefit you when dealing with aging skin that’s what we’ll discuss in this article.

What is PRP Therapy?

PRP is the acronym for platelet-rich plasma therapy. It is a medical treatment where the platelets from the patient’s own body are used in the injured area to boost healing.

This treatment is not only anti-aging; it has been used for centuries to heal injuries and other conditions. However, recent experiments of this treatment as an antiaging solution have shown some significant results, and since then, it has been considered an effective solution for aging problems.

Also Read: Non-Invasive Facial Treatment

Benefits of PRP Therapy

Now that you know the treatment, here’s a list of benefits you must expect from this antiaging treatment. Let’s have a look together:

Stimulates Collagen Production

In the PRP Treatment for anti-aging, as your platelets are inserted into your face, that triggers the production of more collagen. Collagen keeps the wrinkles and fine lines on our faces. With the platelet as a stimulant, reduced collagen production can get a boost again. It improves skin elasticity; thus, the fine lines and wrinkles are gone.

Improves Skin Texture

Another benefit of PRP Therapy is that it can improve skin texture and tone. Creating a higher collagen level can smooth rough patches, scars, and other imperfections visible on your face.

Reduces Under-Eye Bags and Dark Circles

With age, the development of under-eye bags and the dark circle is common. The growth factors in PRP Therapy can produce more collagen and improve blood circulation. It results in the reduction of dark circles. Also, the strengthening of skin under the eyes eliminates the under-eye bags.

Also Read: PhotoFacial Treatment

Non-Invasive technique

Many people aren’t comfortable with getting any invasive treatment on the face. So, adopting PRP therapy has this benefit for all such people.

It is a non-invasive procedure that doesn’t require any surgery or incision. Your doctor will draw a small amount of blood from your body. It will be processed using a centrifugal technique where the platelets will be separated.

These extracted platelets will be injected back into the patient’s skin. Once these platelets are in your skin, they can produce the desired benefits.

Improves Moisture Retention

The use of PRP Therapy helps in improving moisture retention in the skin. The increased collagen production provides support and structure to the capillaries containing the fluid. With an improved structure, you can expect higher retention. With more fluid in the skin, you can get a vibrant outlook.

Treat Hyper Pigmentation

Another benefit that you can expect from PRP Therapy is that it can treat hyperpigmentation in your skin. The discolored or blotchy skin due to an excess of melanin in the skin can be reduced because of collagen production. Micro-needling techniques can help limit patch-specific pigmentation on the skin.

Relatively painless treatment

PRP Therapy is a relatively painless treatment. You only have to bear a few microneedles into the skin. It is a non-invasive technique, so the pain that patients might experience is relatively low compared to any other anti-aging procedure.

Long-Lasting Results

When opting for PRP therapy for anti-aging, you don’t have to take monthly or quarterly treatments. The results from it last for approximately 18 months. It means you’ll have to bear less cost for your treatment and spend less time on it.

The reason for the long-lasting results from this treatment is the release of the growth factors, which continues to stimulate collagen production and rejuvenate skin.

Quick Results

With PRP Therapy for anti-aging, you can expect to see the results quite quickly. Although the healing process can start immediately, within the 3 weeks, you’ll notice the vibrancy and radiance in the skin for which you have chosen this treatment.

Also Read: Laser Hair Removal Treatment

Summing up

In conclusion, PRP therapy is a safe and effective treatment option for anti-aging. Stimulating collagen production, improving skin texture, and reducing under-eye bags and dark circles can help you achieve a more youthful and radiant appearance.

Athena Skin Clinic specializes in PRP Therapy. You can expect a team of expert dermatologists to offer consultation and undertake the treatment. Also, the state-of-the-art technology used by the clinic ensures you get the benefits of the latest research and cost-effectiveness.

Contact us now to book a consultation.


Become 10 years younger in 10 mins. Interested? Read on!

Wrinkle Reduction Without Downtime or Surgery

Reduce wrinkles and look years younger. There are over 50 muscles in your face and we use them to create different facial expressions. Over time wrinkles form as collagen breaks down in these areas of facial expression. One way to reduce these wrinkles and stop this collagen break-down is to inject Anti-Wrinkle injection .

Wrinkle reduction takes away years from your face. The use of Anti-Wrinkle injection will diminish wrinkles in the brow, forehead and around the eyes (crow’s feet). It can also be safely used in other areas of the face depending on a patient unique facial movement and in the neck to remove banding that comes with getting older.

Anti-Wrinkle injection is injected into the muscles identified as responsible for the wrinkle in question and is used in very small quantities. Anti-Wrinkle injection works by blocking the receptors on the muscles responsible for initiating movement when signals are sent from the brain. Once injected, the muscles will relax resulting in the improved look of your wrinkles. A temporary block of that muscles ability to function occur keeping line from forming and allowing new collagen to build, further improving the overall appearance of that area.

Read moreBecome 10 years younger in 10 mins. Interested? Read on!

Let’s just debunk the common Anti-Wrinkle injection myths

Anti-Wrinkle injection is one of the most popular beauty treatments for people who want to maintain their perfect look today, but there is still a lot of misconceptions regarding the side effects, who can use it, and why. Here are the few of the myths about Anti-Wrinkle injection, let’s just debunk them.

1. Anti-Wrinkle injection causes facial muscles to freeze

A very common myth is that Anti-Wrinkle injection can cause the face to freeze and cause all natural facial expressions to disappear. While it does not make the face entirely expressionless, an overuse of the substance can be harmful. However, within 1-2 weeks the face should restore its natural expressions. In fact, many patients report a “refreshed” and more natural look immediately after procedures.

Read moreLet’s just debunk the common Anti-Wrinkle injection myths

Anti-Wrinkle injection and Dermal Fillers in Chandigarh

Every woman and man has a desire to remain young and always look pretty. At Athena Skin Clinic Chandigarh, we feel it’s our foremost objective to improve patients’ lives through latest treatments in skin care. With passing time, the beauty of a young face fades and you can’t help it when the once beautiful face and sexy curves slowly start to disappear before your very own eyes. The only saving grace is to look for a quick solution that will renew your confidence as a woman. Dr Harman Sidhu provides Anti-Wrinkle injection and dermal filler treatment in Chandigarh which is the latest treatment. It’s in the form of an inject able treatment that is administered on the face with micro-thin syringe. Anti-Wrinkle injection is a cosmetic surgery that gives you a smoother and wrinkle-free face.

Read moreAnti-Wrinkle injection and Dermal Fillers in Chandigarh

× WhatsApp Chat